Adoption of realistic simulation for the development of practices in nursing graduation: a systematic literature review
Palavras-chave:Simulation, Nursing Education, Nursing, Higher Education.
The realistic simulation in nursing graduation allows for the possibility of making mistakes without risk of damage. In this way, it has been adopted in order to meet the requirements of health institutions, ensuring a quality assistance and promoting patient safety. There was performed a systematic literature review on the adoption of realistic simulation for the development of practices in nursing graduation. There were 26 articles published in the Portal of the Virtual Health Library (VHL). Of the total, 11 were analyzed after compliance with the eligibility criteria. The studies showed that the realistic simulations are applied in different ways at higher education institutions, since they show a direct influence of human and financial resources available in each institution. The new or known situations of the simulations provide significant contributions to the students, such as: acquisition of skills and abilities, development of critical-reflexive analysis of the actions in the scenarios of simulation, improvement of self-confidence. However, there were also weaknesses, such as: unprepared pedagogical approach, difficulty planning and structuring simulation scenarios. There must be investments in studies to develop strategies to solve or minimize these weaknesses, facilitating the standardization of realistic simulations and enabling their adoption mostly in the curriculum of nursing graduation.
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