Identification of the etiological agents that cause superficial cutaneous mycoses in southern Brazil
Palavras-chave:Mycoses, Tineas, Dermatophytes, Epidemiology, Diagnosis
Superficial skin ringworm is a fungal disease that affects external tissues such as nails, skin and hair of humans and animals. The infection can be transmitted directly, through contact with another infected individual or animal, or indirectly, through contaminated materials, these mycoses being potentially contagious. The main objective of the present study was to identify the etiologic agents of potentially contagious cutaneous superficial mycoses present in southern Brazil, correlating with the gender and the most affected sites of the patients.The study period corresponded from January 2011 to June 2019. Prior to the collection, an interview was conducted with patients to obtain epidemiological information. The collected material was scraped from lesions on the skin and nails and hair epilated. The patients were received at the Clinical Analysis Laboratory (LACT) of the UFRGS School of Pharmacy and at the Rio Grande do Sul State Laboratory (LACEN-RS). Subsequently, with the report of the mycological examination, patients treated at LACT were referred to the Dermatology Service of the State of Rio Grande do Sul for medical care and therapy. During the study period, 6010 nail and skin scrapes were obtained and hair, of which 4560 (76%) were negative and 1450 (24%) positive on mycological examination. The most isolated species were T. rubrum (54%), Candida spp. (19%), T. mentagrophytes (14%) and Malassezia spp. (5%). The Female (70%) were the most affected, and nails (72%) were the most affected followed by skin (27%) and hair (1%). With the data obtained on isolated fungal species, we still have much to work with the community developing educational and preventive measures in conjunction with public policies, to try to reduce the risk of contamination by reaching mainly individuals in a higher state of social vulnerability.
BURKHART, CN., CHANG, H., GOTTWALD, L. Tinea corporis in human immunodeficiency virusâ€positive patients: case report and assessment of oral therapy. International J Dermatology 42(10):839-43, 2003.
DALLA LANA, DF., BATISTA, BG., ALVES, SH., FUENTEFRIA, AM. Dermatophytoses: etiologic agents, clinical forms, therapy and new perspectives of treatment. Clinical & Biomedical Research 36(4):230-41, 2016.
FAURE-COGNET, O., FRICKER-HIDALGO, H., PELLOUX, H., LECCIA, MT. Superficial fungal infections in a French teaching hospital in Grenoble area: retrospective study on 5470 samples from 2001 to 2011. Mycopathologia 181(1-2):59-66, 2016.
GNAT, S., NOWAKIEWICZ, A., ÅAGOWSKI, D., ZIÄ˜BA, PJ. Hospedeiro e susceptibilidade dependente do agente patogÃªnico e predisposiÃ§Ã£o para dermatofitose. Med Microbiol 68(6):823-836, 2019.
MEZZARI, A., WIEBBELLING, AMP. A micologia na prÃ¡tica laboratorial. Editora UFRGS. 2018.
MEZZARI, A. Frequency of dermatophytes in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, Rev Inst Med Tropical 40(2):71-6, 1998.
MEZZARI, A., HERNANDES, KM., FOGAÃ‡A, RFH., CALIL, LN. PrevalÃªncia de Micoses Superficiais e CutÃ¢neas em Pacientes Atendidos Numa Atividade de ExtensÃ£o UniversitÃ¡ria. Rev Bras CiÃªncias da SaÃºde 21(2):151-56, 2017.
NARANG, T., BHATTACHARJEE, R., SINGH, S., JHA, K., KAVITA, MR., DOGRA, S. Quality of life and psychological morbidity in patients with superficial cutaneous dermatophytosis. Mycoses 62(8):680-685, 2019.
ROCHA, LF., BITTENCOURT, FM., HERNANDES, KM., GONÃ‡ALVES, SMB., RODRIGUES, CMG., BERGAMO, VZ,, CALIL, LN., MEZZARI, A. Epidemiological profile of cutaneous superficial mycoses in South, Brazil. Sci Elec Arch 11(2):133-37, 2018.
SIDRIM, JJC,, ROCHA, MFG. Micologia mÃ©dica Ã luz de autores contemporÃ¢neos. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan; 2010.
TAKAHASHI, JPF., BECEGATO, EZ., ROCHA, N., KIMURA, LM., FERNANDES, KR., GUERRA, JM. A biologia molecular como ferramenta para identificaÃ§Ã£o fÃºngica em amostras de tecido. Bol Inst Adolfo Lutz 26(U):1-2, 2016.
VIJENDRAN, P., VERMA, R., HAZRA, N., VASUDEVAN, B., DEBDEEP, M., RUBY, V., SHEKAR, N. A comparative study of the various patterns of oro-cutaneous fungi and their sensitivity to anti fungal between HIV patients and normal healthy individuals. Med J Armed Forces India 75(1):50-57, 2019.
A revista se reserva o direito de fazer alterações nas regras originais, na ortografia e na ordem gramatical, a fim de manter o idioma de culto padrão, respeitando, no entanto, o estilo dos autores. Os artigos publicados são de propriedade da revista Scientific Electronic Archives, tornando-se sua reimpressão total ou parcial, sujeitos à autorização expressa da direção da revista. A fonte original da publicação deve ser mantida. Os originais não serão devolvidos aos autores. As opiniões expressas pelos autores dos artigos são de sua exclusiva responsabilidade.
The journal reserves the right to make changes to the original rules, spelling and grammatical order, in order to keep the language of worship default, respecting, however, the style of the authors. Articles published are the property of Scientific Electronic Archives magazine, becoming its total or partial reprint, subject to the express authorization of the direction of the journal. The original source of publication should be retained. The originals will not be returned to the authors. Opinions expressed by authors of articles are solely your responsibility.
This journal uses the License Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.