Sensorial analysis of commercial quality of lettuce grown on different substrates
Palavras-chave:Biochar, Babassu, Chicken bed litter, Lactuca sativa L., Organic fertilization.
ResumoRegional residues of agricultural, livestock and forestry activities can be used in the formulation of substrates that allow the adequate supply of nutrients in family agricultural production. The objective of this research was to determine the efficiency of different formulations of substrates enriched with babassu biochar for the commercial development of lettuce through sensorial analysis. The experiment was conducted in the period from November 2016 to February 2017. The design was completely randomized, with nine treatments and 15 replicates. Dystrophic Yellow Latosol (dYL), increasing doses of biochar (B); organic fertilizer (OF) and mineral fertilizer (MF) were used in the substrate preparation. The treatments evaluated were: S1 = dYL, S2 = dYL +10 t ha-1B, S3 = dYL +20 t ha-1B, S4 = dYL 30 t ha-1 B, S5 = dYL + 2 t ha-1 OF, S6 = dYL + 5 t ha-1 OF, S7 = dYL +8 t ha-1 OF, S8 = dYL +10 t ha-1 B + 2 t ha-1 OF, S9 = dYL + MF. At 80 days after sowing, sensory analyzes were carried out in order to judge the visual characteristics of the lettuce per treatment. Based on the multicriteria analysis the S4 substrate, the one that contain 30 t ha-1 of biochar proved to be the most successful substrate to comply with the study variables. Thus, the use of biochar can be considered as a viable alternative to mineral fertilizer in terms of sensory analysis.
ALMEIDA, I. L.; JUNQUEIRA, A. M. R. Characterization of consumers, market attributes and strategies for the growth of the organic vegetable production chain in the Federal District. Text for Discussion: BrasÃlia: Planning Company of the Federal District, v. 24, n. 1, p. 1-64, 2017.
ALVARES, V. V. H; NOVAIS, R. F.; BARROS, N. F.; CANTARUTTI, R. B.; LOPES, A. S. Interpretation of soil analysis results. In: RIBEIRO, A. C.; GUIMARÃƒES, P. T. G.; ALVAREZ, V. V. H. Recommendations for the use of correctives and fertilizers in Minas Gerais - 5th. Approximation. 5.ed. ViÃ§osa, MG, Soil Fertility Commission of the State of Minas Gerais. P. 25-32, 1999.
BERNARDI, A. C. C.; VERRUMA-BERNARDI, M. R.; WERNECK, C. G.; HAIM, P. G.; MONTE, M. B. M. Production, appearance and nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents in lettuce grown on zeolite substrate. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 23, n. 4, p. 920-924, 2005.
BLACKWELL, P.; JOSEPH, S.; MUNROE, P.; ANAWAR, H. M.; STORER, P.; GILKES, R. J.; SOLAIMAN, Z. M. Influences of biochar and biochar-mineral complex on mycorrhizal colonization and nutrition of wheat and sorghum. Pedosphere. v. 25, n. 5, p. 686-695, 2015.
CAMARGO, W. P. C; CAMARGO, F. P.; CAMARGO A. N. M. P. Production of Olericultura in Brazil and SÃ£o Paulo, 2012.
COBUCCI, R. M. A. Sensorial Analysis: Apostila do Curso. Superior Technological Course in Gastronomy. Pontifical Catholic University of GoiÃ¡s, PUC â€“ GO, 2010.
CORDEIRO, K. V.; ANDRADE, H. A.; OLIVEIRA-NETO, E. D.; COSTA, N. A.; ROCHA, B. R. D. S.; PONTES, S. F.; SILVA-MATOS, R. R. New substrates based on decomposed babassu (Attalea speciosa Mart.) Stem in the production of melon seedlings. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, v. 26, n. 1, p. 1-7, 2018.
COSTA, C. P.; SALA, F. C. The evolution of Brazilian alfaciculture. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 23, n. 1, p. 45-52, 2005.
FELLOWS, P. J. Food processing technology: principles and practices. 2. ed. Artmed, Porto Alegre, 2006.
FERREIRA, N. T. M. Y.; SILVA, S. M.; SILVA, R. N.; PENA, G. G.; SILVA, C. L. A.; QUEIROZ, R. R. U. Sensory characteristics of vegetables grown in a plant production system without pesticides and conventional. Agora, v. 1, n. 7, p. 1-12, 2015.
SALINAS, J.; GARCÃA, I.; MORAL, F.; SIMÃ“N, M. Use of marble sludge and biochar to improve soil water retention capacity. Spanish Journal of Soil Science, v. 8, n. 1, p. 23-35, 2018.
GAZOLA, T.; GUALBERTO, R.; DIAS, M. F.; CIPOLA FILHO, M. L.; BELAPART, D.; DE CASTRO, E. B. Evaluation of alternative substrates in seedling production and development of lettuce plants. Revista Unimar CiÃªncias, v. 24, n. 1-2, p. 33-29, 2017.
GLASER, B.; LEHMANN, J.; ZECH, W. Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal-a review. Biology and Fertility of Soils, v. 35, n. 4, p. 219-230, 2002.
IBGE - Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Family budget research 2008-2009: analysis of personal food consumption in Brazil. (2011) Coordination of work and income. IBGE, Rio de Janeiro.
LANA, M. M.vGreenery is not just salad. Appearance of the vegetables. Embrapa HortaliÃ§as. Brasilia DF, 2016
LEHMANN, J.; JOSEPH, S. Biochar for Environmental Management. London, England: Earthscan, 2009.
LEHMANN, J.; KUZYAKOV, Y.; PAN, G.; OK, Y. S. Biochars and the plant-soil interface. Plant Soil. v.395, n. 1, p. 1-5, 2015.
LERMEN, F. H.; MATIAS, G. S.; MODESTO, F. A.; RÃ–DER, R.; BOIKO, T. J. P. Consumer test and analysis of appearance, flavors and colors for the development of new products: the case of corn sprouts savored. ReLAInEP - Latin American Journal of Innovation and Production Engineering, v. 3, n. 4, p. 97-109, 2015.
PALHARES, J. C. P.; KUNZ, A. Environmental Management in Poultry. Embrapa Pigs and Poultry. Concordia, 2011.
PARRA-SERRANO, L. J.; REIS, I. S.; FURTADO, M. B.; NAPOLI, A. Effects of biochar application of babassu palm on lettuce culture. In: FARIAS, M. F; FURTADO, M. B.; PARRA-SERRANO, L. J.; FREITAS, J. R. B.; FERRÃƒO, G. E. Topics in agricultural production in the East Maranhense Book commemorating the 10 years of the Course of Agronomy CCAA / UFMA. 1ed. EDUFMA, SÃ£o Luis, pp. 37-49, 2016.
PASSOS, M. L. V.; ZAMBRZYCKI, G. C.; PEREIRA, R. S. Water balance and climatic classification for a specific region of Chapadinha-MA. Brazilian Journal of Irrigated Agriculture, v. 10, n. 1, p. 758-762, 2016.
PAULUS, D.; DOURADO NETO, D.; FRIZZONE, J. A.; SOARES, T. M. Production and physiological indicators of lettuce under hydroponics with saline water. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 28, n. 1, p. 29-35, 2010.
PELIZZA, T. R.; SILVEIRA, F. N.; MUNIZ, J.; ECHER, A. H. B, MORSELLI, T. B. G. A. Production of yellow melon seedlings in different substrates under protected cultivation. Revista Ceres, v. 60, n. 2, p. 257-261, 2013.
RUSSO, V. C.; VIEITES, R. L.; DAIUTO, E. R. Refrigerated conservation of 'hass' and 'fuerte' avocados submitted to active modified atmospheres. Energy in Agriculture, v. 28, n. 4, p. 264-269, 2013.
SALA, F. C.; COSTA, C. P. Retrospective and trend of Brazilian alfaciculture. Brazilian Horticulture. v. 30, n. 2, p. 187-194, 2012.
SUZUKI, G. S.; SILVA, N.; MOURA, M. F.; MITUTI, T.; PAVAN, M. A.; KRAUSE-SAKATE, R. An atypical isolate of Lettuce mosaic virus that bypasses the mo12 gene in lettuce. Summa phytopathol, v. 44, n. 1, p. 83-85, 2018.
TRUPIANO, D.; COCOZZA, C.; BARONTI, S.; AMENDOLA, C.; VACCARI, F. P.; LUSTRATO, G.; SCIPPA, G. S. The Effects of Biochar and Its Combination with Compost on Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Growth, Soil Properties, and Soil Microbial Activity and Abundance. International Journal of Agronomy, 2017.
A revista se reserva o direito de fazer alterações nas regras originais, na ortografia e na ordem gramatical, a fim de manter o idioma de culto padrão, respeitando, no entanto, o estilo dos autores. Os artigos publicados são de propriedade da revista Scientific Electronic Archives, tornando-se sua reimpressão total ou parcial, sujeitos à autorização expressa da direção da revista. A fonte original da publicação deve ser mantida. Os originais não serão devolvidos aos autores. As opiniões expressas pelos autores dos artigos são de sua exclusiva responsabilidade.
The journal reserves the right to make changes to the original rules, spelling and grammatical order, in order to keep the language of worship default, respecting, however, the style of the authors. Articles published are the property of Scientific Electronic Archives magazine, becoming its total or partial reprint, subject to the express authorization of the direction of the journal. The original source of publication should be retained. The originals will not be returned to the authors. Opinions expressed by authors of articles are solely your responsibility.
This journal uses the License Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.