Differences between infection with Schistosoma mansoni, Taenia spp. and Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Brazil and Africa environments viewed from an evolutionary perspective
Palavras-chave:Helminth parasites, Prevalence, Schistosoma mansoni, Trematoda, Cestoda, Nematoda,
In Brazil, when prevalence data were examined using simple summary statistics, there is a negative association between prevalence ofÂ TaeniaÂ spp. infection andÂ Schistosoma mansoniÂ or soil-transmitted helminths (STH) irrespective to routes of infection. That does not occur in African data. However, they vary considerably when plotted. So, in dataÂ collected on Brazilian area, it to show in ordered (smallest first) scores prevalence of STH infections both long lag phase in prevalence of STHÂ infecting by oral route (AscarisÂ andÂ Trichuris), and into STH infecting by skin route (hookworm andÂ Strongyloides). To the other side, African study it show smaller lag phase in prevalence of STHÂ infecting by oral route or into STH infecting by skin route.Â Darwinian, it was suggestedÂ TaeniaÂ spp. and STH,Â inhabiting a non-human environment which became so suitable for them according to their biological needs, their develop by means of natural selection.
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