Mycotic zoonoses risk from clipping instruments in Pet Shops in Sinop – MT

Autores

  • Rayssa Tuanna Schmidt Balbinot Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Campus Sinop
  • Dâmaris Carolini Teodoro Alves Costa Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Campus Sinop
  • Neocimar Saraiva Correia Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Campus Sinop
  • Fabiana Cristina Donofrio Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Campus Sinop

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36560/141020211439

Palavras-chave:

neglected fungal zoonoses, pets, mycosis.

Resumo

Pets have conquered the daily lives of families worldwide and because they have a close relationship with humans, they can transmit mycotic zoonoses such as dermatophytosis, malassezioses and candidosis. Studies show that fungi with pathogenic potential have already been granted in clipping instruments and bath articles in veterinary clinics and in Pet Shops. In the absence of data in the city of Sinop - MT, this study aimed to isolate fungi with pathogenic potential in clipping instruments used in the routine of Pet Shops and to identify etiological agents capable of causing mycotic zoonoses. Samples were carried out in 18 clipping instruments, without cleaning, from 10 Pet Shops (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J) in the city of Sinop - MT with swabs and sterile carpets square and then seeded in Sabouraud agar with 0.05% chloramphenicol and mycobiotic agar, incubated at room temperature (25°C) for 30 - 45 days. The dermatophytes and non-dermatophyte filamentous fungi were identified using the microculture technique and urease test and as yeasts using a urease test, zymogram, auxanogram, germ tube and corn meal agar with polysorbate 80. Of the samples from 18 clipping instruments, 15 were positive for at least one fungal genus. The yeast that showed a high prevalence of isolation in clipping instruments from the studied Pet Shops (B, C, D, E, H and J) was Malassezia pachydermatis (86.7%), followed by the genus Candida spp. (C and D; 26.7%), filamentous fungi of the genus Aspergillus spp. (A; 13.3%), Microsporum canis (B; 13.3%) and Trichosporon spp. (J, 6.7%). Our results demonstrate that Pet Shops treat a large number of animals daily in a single environment, which may amplify the risk of spreading zoonoses, as an asymptomatic or sick carrier animal can potentially transmit the microorganism to other animals inside the store and thus to a large number of new pet owners. There is a need to reinforce the commercial requirements specialized in bathing and grooming in the city of Sinop - MT on the good practices of cleaning and disinfection of the elements used and the environment, eliminating or eliminating the risk of contracting mycotic zoonoses.

Referências

ANDERSEN, B.M., RASCH, M., KVIST, J., TOLLEFSEN, T., LUKKASSEN, R., SANDVIK, L., WELO, A. Floor cleaning: effect on bacteria and organic materials in hospital rooms. Journal of Hospital Infection. V. 71, p. 57-65, 2009.

BAGCIGIL, A.F., IKIZ, S., ÖZGÜR, N.Y., ILGAZ, A. Recovery of dermatophytes in pet grooming tools from veterinary clinics and pet grooming salons. J. Small Anim. Pract. V. 51, p. 39-42, 2010.

CAROBELI, L.R., DINIZ, B.V., CARVALHO, N.M.M., CHINEN, L.Y., TANOYE, J.L., SVIDZINSKI, T.I.E., VEIGA, F.F., NEGRI, M. Fatores de virulência de fungos relacionados a zoonoses isolados em ambiente de banho e tosa de um pet shop. Revista Saúde e Meio Ambiente. V. 9, n. 2, p. 49-65, 2019.

COLOMBO, A.L., PADOVAN, A.C., CHAVES, G.M. Current knowledge of Trichosporon spp. and Trichosporonosis. Clinical Microbiol. Reviews. V. 24, n. 4, p. 682-700, 2011.

CHERMETTE, R., FERREIRO, L., GUILLOT, J. Dermatophytoses in animals. Mycopathologia. V.166, p.385-405, 2008.

DAHDAH, M., SCHER, R. Dermatophytes. Current Fungal Infection Reports. V. 2, n. 2, p. 81–86, 2008.

DAY, M.J. Pet-Related Infections. Am. Fam. Physician. V. 94, n. 10, p. 794-802, 2016.

GALIZA, G.J.N., SILVA, T.M., CAPRIOLI, R.A., BARROS, C.S.L., IRIGOYEN, L.F., FIGHERA, R.A., LOVATO, M., KOMMERS, G.D. Ocorrência de micoses e pitiose em animais domésticos: 230 casos. Pesq. Vet. Bras. V. 34, n. 3, p. 224-232, 2014.

GIUMELLI, R.D., SANTOS, M.C.P. Convivência com Animais de Estimação: Um Estudo Fenomenológico. Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica - Phenomenological Studies. V. XXII, n. 1, p. 49-58, 2016.

KURTZMAN, C.P., FELL, J.W. The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study. 5 ed. Amsterdã: Elsevier Science. 1998. 2354 p.

LACAZ, C.S., PORTO, E., MARTINS, J.E.C., HEINS-VACCARI, E.M., TAKAHASHI, N. Tratado de micologia médica. 1 ed. São Paulo: Editora Sarvier. 2002. 1120 p.

MADRID, I., GOMES, A., MATTEI, A., SANTIN, R., CLEFF, M.B., FARIA, R.O., MEIRELES, M.C.A. Dermatofitose neonatal canina por Microsporum gypseum. Revista Veterinária e Zootecnia. V.19, n.1, p.773-778, 2012.

MARIAT, F., ADAN-CAMPOS, C. La technique du carré du tapis, métode simple de prélevement dans les mycoses superficielles. Ann. Inst. Pasteur. V. 113, p.666-668, 1967.

MATTEI, A.S., MADRID, I.M., SANTIN, R., SILVA, F.V., CARAPETO, L.P., MEIRELES, M.C.A. Sporothrix schenckii in a hospital and home environment in the city of Pelotas/RS – Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. V. 83, n. 4, p. 1359-1362, 2011.

MATTEI, A.S., MADRID, I.M., SANTIN, R., SCHUCH, L.F.D., MEIRELES, M.C.A. Presença de fungos com potencial patogênico em instrumentos de tosa. Archives of Veterinary Science, V. 19, n. 2, p. 40-45, 2014.

MELCHERT, A., MOTTA, Y., GIUFFRIDA, R., BRAGA - LAPOSY, C. Avaliação citológica e microbiológica do lavado broncoalveolar em cães hígidos. Semina: Ciências Agrárias. V. 29, n. 1, p. 157-164, 2008.

MILLER, W.H., GRIFFIN, C., CAMPBELL, K. Muller and Kirk’s Small Animal Dermatology. 7th Ed. China: Elsevier Health Sciences. 2013. 938p.

MORIELLO, K.A., COYNER, K., PATERSON, S., MIGNON, B. Diagnosis and treatment of dermatophytosis in dogs and cats. Vet. Dermatol. V. 28, p. 266–268, 2017.

MURMU, S., DEBNATH, C., PRAMANIK, A.K., MITRA, T., JANA, S., DEY, S., BANERJEE, S., BATABYAL, K. Detection and characterization of zoonotic dermatophytes from dogs and cats in around Kolkata. Veterinary World. V. 8, n. 9, p. 1078-1082, 2015.

NAKAGAKI, K., HATA, K., IWATA, E., Takeo, K. Malassezia pachydermatis isolated from a South American sea lion (Otaria byronia) with dermatitis. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Science. V. 62, p. 901–903, 2000.

Peano, A., Johnson, E., Chiavassa, E., Tizzani, P., Guillot, J., Pasquetti, M. Antifungal resistance regarding Malassezia pachydermatis: Where are we now? Journal of Fungi. V. 6, n. 93, p. 1-26, 2020.

Peeters, D., Clercx, C. Update on Canine Sinonasal Aspergillosis. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. V. 37, n. 5, p. 901-916, 2007.

Pitt, J.I., Hocking, A.D. Fungi and Food Spoilage. 3rd Edition, Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York Cambridge. 2009.

Niki Skeldon,Melanie Dobromylskyj,Debra Fews,William Hayden

SKELDON, N., DOBROMYLSKYJ, M., FEWS, D., HAYDEN, W. Candida parapsilosis complex infection in a cutaneous lesion from a dog: Spotlight on an opportunistic pathogen of potential increasing importance. Veterinary Clinical Pathology. V. 49, n. 4, p. 655-659, 2020.

Publicado

2021-09-29

Como Citar

Balbinot , R. T. S. ., Costa, D. C. T. A., Correia, N. S. ., & Donofrio, F. C. . (2021). Mycotic zoonoses risk from clipping instruments in Pet Shops in Sinop – MT. Scientific Electronic Archives, 14(10). https://doi.org/10.36560/141020211439