Family farming: The importance of growing beans in the state of Paraíba as a sustainable alternative for rural people

Autores

  • Djair Alves da Mata Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Geiziane de Fátima da Silva Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Vanessa Silva Souza Universidade Federal de Campina Grande
  • Josefa Dayse Lima Silva Universidade Federal de Campina Grande
  • Francisco Gledson da Silva Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Daniel Alves da Mata Universidade Federal de Campina Grande

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36560/17120241833

Palavras-chave:

Family farming, bean cultivation, sustainability

Resumo

Family farming is increasingly gaining prominence by constantly reflecting on its benefits, whether in social or economic terms. The development of family farming is not something recent, but has been gaining strength by promoting an interaction of multiple interest between rural classes, scientific research and public policies. It is revealing a new way of looking at small producers. In addition, this activity provides environmental sustainability, improving the quality of life of the farmer and his production. Bean production is closely linked to family farming and is cultivated by a wide range of farmers with the most varied profiles. In this sense, this study aims to highlight the importance of family farming and its relationship with bean cultivation in the state of Paraíba - PB, since this activity is one of the bases of production for rural people. The study relied on a search and compilation of results from the database of the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) for the period from 2017 to 2021, in addition to a thorough review of academic papers on the respective area of study on the platform “google academic”. In this context, it is necessary to take a thorough look when it comes to agricultural production, and it is clear that the area planted and harvested in 2021 had a considerable drop compared to 2020, but when checking the quantity produced and the average yield compared to 2017, the year 2021 was superior, since technologies and new methodological practices constantly optimize the agricultural sector. Family farming is a strong basis for the rural man's conquest of a dignified and fair life, allowing him to live with the conditions imposed by nature.

Referências

AWIKA, J. M.; DUODU, K. G. Bioactive polyphenols and peptides in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and their health promoting properties: A review. Journal of Functional Foods, v. 38, p. 686 - 697, 2017.

CASTRO, J. F. As decisões Econômicas. In: ENCICLOPÉDIA prática de FAO. Food balance sheets. 2010. Disponível em: <http://faostat.fao.org/ site/368/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=368#ancor>. Acesso em: 23 jun. 2013.

CONAB. Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento. Série histórica das safras. Disponível em: <https://www.conab.gov.br/info-agro/safras/serie-historica-dassafras/itemlist/category/908-graos-por-produtos>. Acesso de Maio – julho/2023.

DUROJAYE, H. A. et al. Evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) landraces to bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vignicola. Crop Protection, v. 116, p. 77 - 81, 2019.

GLIESSMAN, S. R. Agroecologia: processos ecológicos em agricultura sustentável. Porto Alegre: Editora da Universidade – UFRGS, 2000.

MATA, D. A. É possível viver no semiárido. In: ARAÚJO, Vicente de Paulo Albuquerque (Org.). Pelos caminhos do Semiárido. Campina Grande: Eduepb, 2013. p. 157 – 160.

NIEDERLE, P. A.; FIALHO, M. V.; CONTERATO, M. A. A. Pesquisa sobre agricultura familiar no Brasil - aprendizagens, esquecimentos e novidades. Rev. Econ. Sociol. Rural, Brasília, v. 52, supl. 1, p. 9 - 24, 2014.

OLIVEIRA, E. C. et al. AGRICULTURA FAMILIAR E SUSTENTABILIDADE NO ESTADO DO AMAZONAS: DO DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL PARA O SETORIAL. Revista Grifos, v. 30, n. 54, p. 94 - 111, 2021.

PETRONAS, FLUID TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS, INOVAÇÃO INDUSTRIAL, Agricultura Sustentável: o que é e quais os desafios dessa modalidade. Santiago Balesteros, MG. 04 ago. 2020. Disponível em: <https://inovacaoindustrial.com.br/agricultura-sustentavel/.>. Acesso em: 01 mar. 2021.

PILEVNELI, T.; CAPAR, G.; SÁNCHEZ-CERDÀ, C. Investigation of climate change impacts on agricultural production in Turkey using volumetric water footprint approach. Sustainable Production and Consumption, v. 35, p. 605 - 623, 2023.

SANTOS, A. M.; MITJA, D. Agricultura familiar e desenvolvimento local: os desafios para a sustentabilidade econômico-ecológica na comunidade de Palmares II, Parauapebas, PA. Interações, Campo Grande, v. 13, n. 1, p. 39 - 48, 2012.

VARIAN, H. R. Microeconomia–Princípios Básicos. "7ª edição, Editora Campos." São Paulo (2006).

Publicado

2023-12-24

Como Citar

Mata, D. A. da ., Silva, G. de F., Souza, V. S., Silva, J. D. L. ., Silva, F. G. da, & Mata, D. A. da . (2023). Family farming: The importance of growing beans in the state of Paraíba as a sustainable alternative for rural people. Scientific Electronic Archives, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.36560/17120241833

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)