Feline Hepatic Lipidosis

Autores

  • C. Masotti Universidade de Santo Amaro
  • M. O. Lima Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso
  • A. M. Cruz Laboratorio Canis Felis diagnostico veterinário
  • G. D. Cruz Universidade de Santo Amaro

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36560/952016258

Palavras-chave:

Fat, liver, cats

Resumo

Since the first description of feline hepatic lipidosis occurred in 1977, it becames the most diagnosed liver disease in cats. Several factors have been proposed as causes of disease, and obesity being a predisposing factor. The disease can be considered primary or idiopathic when its underlying cause is unknown, or secondary when there is another concomitant disease lipidosis. Cats with hepatic lipidosis have anorexia usually ranging from several days to weeks and weight loss, followed by jaundice and varying degrees of dehydration, diarrhea and vomiting episodes may occur. A worsening of the disease shows signs of hepatic encephalopathy, drooling and retroflexion of the neck. In clinical examination can be observed depression, lethargy and hepatomegaly. The definitive diagnosis of the disease can be performed by fine needle aspiration biopsy guided by ultrasound and cytology or biopsy. The treatment of hepatic lipidosis is based on stabilizing the patient by supplying water and electrolyte losses and provide adequate nutritional support. The diet is usually provided through feeding tubes for a period ranging from 4 to 6 weeks may occur depending on the patient's condition. The prognosis for cats with hepatic lipidosis is favored in cases of identification followed by intensive treatment of underlying causes and for patients receiving therapy necessary in cases of idiopathic hepatic lipidosis.

Referências

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Publicado

2016-11-17

Como Citar

Masotti, C., Lima, M. O., Cruz, A. M., & Cruz, G. D. (2016). Feline Hepatic Lipidosis. Scientific Electronic Archives, 9(5), 95–107. https://doi.org/10.36560/952016258

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