Application of filter cake and poultry litter in the production of tomatoes for fresh

Autores

  • P. H. G. Juliano Centro Universitário de Votuporanga (UNIFEV)
  • T. V. Dias Centro Universitário de Votuporanga (UNIFEV)
  • V. C. Galati Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM)
  • C. M. Fernandes Centro Universitário de Votuporanga (UNIFEV)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36560/1262019869

Palavras-chave:

Lycopersicon esculentum, lycopene, organic fertilization

Resumo

The tomato crop is the second most relevant in Brazil and of higher added value. The investment of fertilizer for the increase in the production of quality fruits is quite feasible, and for this we have been encouraged the use of organic fertilizers in order to improve the physical-chemical characteristics of the soil and increase the production in the cultivation of vegetables. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, containing 4 treatments: T0: control, T1: sugarcane filter cake; T2: poultry litter; T3: the combination of T1 and T2 in a ratio of 1: 1, with a fixed dose of 10 ton / ha for all treatments, 5 replicates and 5 plants per treatment, making a total of 100 plants. The design was a completely randomized design with four treatments and five replications.The variables studied were subjected to analysis of variance by the F test and the means were compared by the Duncan test (p <0.05). The analyzes were fresh fruit mass (yield), fruit height and width, soluble solids content, lycopene, beta - carotene, pH, ratio and leaf analysis. The fresh mass of the tomato fruit was higher in the treatment that corresponds to the combination between the sugarcane filter cake and the poultry litter, being approximately 25 tons per hectare, which indicated production superior to the other treatments, this can be verified, since these organic fertilizers contain nitrogen and potassium, which directly influenced the vegetative growth and fruit quality, as was verified in the soluble solids content and fruit size (height and width) of this same treatment. also superior to the others. The pH values did not vary statistically between treatments. As the pigment analysis found a higher beta carotene content compared to lycopene. t was concluded that the association of filter cake and poultry litter treatments is feasible due to the increased production obtained, and the use of these by-products for the production of vegetables may complement the chemical fertilizer due to the excellent physico-chemical properties , and these wastes from industries become less costly to the producer and is a way of taking advantage of something that would be discarded in nature.

Referências

CHITARRA, M.I.F.; CHITARRA, A.B. Pós colheita de frutas e hortaliças: fisiologia e manuseio, 2 ed. Lavras-MG, Ed. UFLA, 2005. 785p.

FERREIRA, M.M.M.; FERREIRA, G.B.; FONTES, P.C.R.; DANTAS, J.P. Produção do tomateiro em função de doses de nitrogênio e da adubação orgânica em duas épocas de cultivo. Horticultura Brasileira, v.21, p. 471-476, 2003.

FERREIRA, M.M.M.; FERREIRA, G.B.; FONTES, P.C.R.; DANTAS, J.P. Qualidade do tomate em função de doses de nitrogênio e da adubação orgânica em duas estações. Horticultura Brasileira, v. 24, p. 141-145, 2006.

FILGUEIRA, F. A. R. Novo Manual de Olericultura:Agrotecnologia Moderna na Produção e

Comercialização de Hortaliças. 3. ed. Viçosa:Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 2008. 412 p.

LEITE, L. F. C.; MENDONÇA, E. S.; NEVES, J. C. L.; MACHADO, P. L. O.; GALVÃO, J. C.C. Estoques totais de carbono orgânico e seus compartimentos em argissolo sob floresta e sob milho cultivado com adubação mineral e orgânica. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v.27, p. 821-832. 2003.

LUZ, J. M. Q.; SHINZATO, A.V.; SILVA, M. A. D. Comparação dos sistemas de produção de tomate convencional e organic em cultivo protegido. Bioscience Journal, v.23, n.2, p. 7-15, 2007.

MELO, W. J.; MARQUES, M. O. Potencial do lodo como fonte de nutrientes para as plantas. In: BETTIOL, W.; CAMARGO, O. A. ed. Impacto ambiental do uso agrícola do lodo de esgoto.

Jaguariúna: EMBRAPA Meio Ambiente, 2000. p.109 – 142.

MORAES, C. C. Crescimento e acúmulo de nutrientes ao longo do ciclo de cultivo de dos híbridos de cebola. Dissertação (Mestrado em Agricultura Tropical e Subtropical) Instituto Agronômico de Campinas-IAC, Campinas, 2016. NEGRINI, A.C.A.; MELO, P.C.T. Efeito de diferentes compostos e dosagens na produção de cenoura.

RAVINDER-SINGH; KOHLI, U. K; KANWAR, H. S.; SINGH, R. Tomato fruit quality as influenced by different nutrient regimes. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research, v.25, p. 37-42. 2001.

SINGH, A. K; SHARMA, J. P; SINGH R. K. Effect of variety and level of nitrogen on fruit quality of tomato hybrid (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Journal of Research-Birsa Agricultural University, v. 12, p. 205-208, 2000.

NUNES JÚNIOR, D. O insumo torta de filtro. IDEA News, Ribeirão Preto, 2005.

SILVA, J. B. C.; GIORDANO, L. B. Tomate para processamento industrial. Brasília: Embrapa Comunicação para Transferência de Tecnologia - Embrapa Hortaliças, 2000. 168p.

SILVEIRA, J.; GALESKAS, H.; TAPETTI, R.; LOURENCI, I. Quem é o consumidor brasileiro de frutas e hortaliças. Hortifruticultura Brasil, Piracicaba, v. 2, n. 103, p. 8-23, 2011.

TAIZ, L.; ZEIGER, E. Fisiologia vegetal. 5. ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed, p.954, 2013.

TERRON PU. 1992. Tratado de fitotecnia general. 2ed. Madrid. 895p

Downloads

Publicado

2019-12-02

Como Citar

Juliano, P. H. G., Dias, T. V., Galati, V. C., & Fernandes, C. M. (2019). Application of filter cake and poultry litter in the production of tomatoes for fresh. Scientific Electronic Archives, 12(6), 5–12. https://doi.org/10.36560/1262019869

Edição

Seção

Agricultural Science