Medium and large mammals: indicators of buffer zones in reforestation
The activities developed in forest environments such as deforestation, logging, implementation of farming systems and monocultures, together with the advance in soybean production, increase the anthropogenic effects caused by changes to the environment in the so-called "Deforestation Arc". The withdrawal of native forests leads directly to losses in biodiversity, however, some measures of natural resource management can be taken to mitigate the deleterious effects, such as the planting of mixed stands. This management is developed through the planting of tree species, native and / or exotic, in a consortium. Strategically, the application of these systems can favor with the maintenance and even with the increase of biodiversity, as these block the perpetuation of edge effects, and often provide high availability of food resources when compared to monoculture systems. In this context, we evaluated by means of photographic traps the presence of said fauna in the altered environments. The fauna present in these environments performs physiological and behavioral activities and consequently maintain the environmental dynamics, through the dispersion of seeds brought from adjacent forest habitats. The present study was carried out in southern Amazonia, in the municipality of Cotriguaçu, Mato Grosso, Brazil, in order to verify the use of the environment managed by teak intercropping (Tectona grandis L. f.) With 10 other native species of the region. In this way reforestation areas can contribute to the conservation of forest species, reducing the impact of edge effect over time, providing the mammals and others, and can contribute to the conservation of these species, as they function as relaxation zones, where environmentally friendly animals no longer compete for natural resources in native forest environments, thus complementing their ecological demands.
ABREU JÚNIOR, E. F. DE; KÖHLER, A. Mastofauna de médio e grande porte na RPPN da UNISC, RS, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, v. 9, n. 4, p. 169–174, 2009.
BERNARDO, P. V. DOS S.; MELO, F. R. DE. Assemblage of medium and large size mammals in an urban Semideciduous Seasonal Forest fragment in Cerrado biome. Biota Neotropica, v. 13, n. 2, p. 76–80, 2013.
BHAGWAT, S. A. et al. Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, v. 23, n. 5, p. 261–267, 2008.
BLAKE, J. G. et al. Temporal activity patterns of terrestrial mammals in lowland rainforest of Eastern Ecuador. Ecotropica, v. 18, n. 2, p. 137–146, 2012.
CANALE, G. R. et al. Pervasive Defaunation of Forest Remnants in a Tropical Biodiversity Hotspot. PLoS ONE, v. 7, n. 8, p. e41671, 14 ago. 2012.
DIRZO, R.; MENDOZA, E. Size-Related Differential Seed Predation in a Heavily Defaunated Neotropical Rain Forest. Biotropica, v. 39, n. 3, p. 355–362, maio 2007.
FEARNSIDE, P. M. Desmatamento na Amazônia brasileira: história, índices e conseqüências. Acta Amazonica, v. 36, n. 3, p. 395–400, 2005.
FEARNSIDE, P. M. Consequências do Desmatamento da Amazônia. Scientific American Brasil, v. 6, p. 54–59, 2010.
GASCON, C. et al. Matrix habitat and species richness in tropical forest remnants. Biological Conservation, v. 91, n. 2–3, p. 223–229, 1999.
HEALEY, S. P.; GARA, R. I. The effect of a teak (Tectona grandis) plantation on the establishment of native species in an abandoned pasture in Costa Rica. Forest Ecology and Management, v. 176, n. 1–3, p. 497–507, 2003.
LAURANCE, W. F.; VASCONCELOS, H. L. Consequências ecológicas da fragmentação florestal na amazônia. Oecologia brasiliensis, v. 13, n. 03, p. 434–451, 2009.
MICHALSKI, F.; PERES, C. A. Disturbance-mediated mammal persistence and abundance-area relationships in Amazonian forest fragments. Conservation Biology, v. 21, n. 6, p. 1626–1640, 2007.
MORAES-ORNELLAS, V. S.; ORNELLAS, R. Aves e Mamíferos em Agroflorestas da Ecovila Goura Vrindávana , Situada na Zona de Entorno do Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina , Paraty - RJ. Revista Brasileira de Agroecologia, v. 4, n. 2, p. 224–227, 2009.
PERES, C. Porque precisamos de megareservas na Amazônia. Megadiversidade, v. 1, n. 1, p. 174–180, 2005.
SCALES, B. R.; MARSDEN, S. J. Biodiversity in small-scale tropical agroforests: A review of species richness and abundance shifts and the factors influencing them. Environmental Conservation, v. 35, n. 2, p. 160–172, 2008.
SILVEIRA, R. Introdução ao Projeto de Reflorestamento para Seqüestro de Carbono, Poço de Carbono Peugeot-ONF Brasil. In: Descobrindo a Amazônia Meridional: Biodiversidade da Fazenda São Nicolau. [s.l: s.n.]. p. 301, 2011.
TABARELLI, M.; PERES, C. A.; MELO, F. P. L. The “few winners and many losers” paradigm revisited: Emerging prospects for tropical forest biodiversity. Biological Conservation, v. 155, p. 136–140, 2012.
TATTERSALL, I. The concept of cathemerality: History and definition. Folia Primatologica, v. 77, n. 1–2, p. 7–14, 2006.
TIMO, T. P. C. et al. Effect of the plantation age on the use of eucalyptus stands by medium to large-sized wild mammals in south-eastern brazil. IForest, v. 8, p. 108–113, 2015.
VIDAL, M. M.; PIRES, M. M.; GUIMARÃES, P. R. Large vertebrates as the missing components of seed-dispersal networks. Biological Conservation, v. 163, p. 42–48, jul. 2013.
VIEIRA, I. C. G.; SILVA, J. M. C. DA; TOLEDO, P. M. DE. Estratégias para evitar a perda de biodiversidade na Amazônia. Estudos Avançados, v. 19, n. 54, p. 153–164, 2005.
WILLIAMS-GUILLÉN, K. et al. Resource availability and habitat use by mantled howling monkeys in a Nicaraguan coffee plantation: Can agroforests serve as core habitat for a forest mammal? Animal Conservation, v. 9, n. 3, p. 331–338, 2006.
ZANIN, M.; PALOMARES, F.; BRITO, D. What we (don’t) know about the effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on felids. Oryx, v. 49, n. 01, p. 96–106, 11 jan. 2015.
- Não há apontamentos.
Universidade Federal de Rondonópolis
Avenida dos Estudantes, 5055 - Cidade Universitária
Rondonópolis - MT, 78735-901