Produtos biotecnológicos de microalgas: uma análise de tendências
Palavras-chave:biomassa, biocombustíveis, chlorococcum
As microalgas são microrganismos heterogêneos, versáteis e disponíveis em todo o mundo. Seu uso tem sido descrito em várias áreas, com vários objetivos, especialmente na remediação de resíduos de variadas origens. Neste artigo, é apresentado um levantamento bibliográfico de trabalhos publicados em periódicos de alto impacto, utilizando como critério de pesquisa as palavras chave “chlorococcum” e “bioproducts”. Posteriormente, esses trabalhos foram filtrados, sendo considerados apenas aqueles publicados em revistas com fator de impacto igual ou superior a 5. Por último, foi realizada uma triagem dos resultados para separar artigos de pesquisa de artigos de revisão. Foram obtidos, após a pesquisa em três bases de dados e triagem, 238 trabalhos, entre revisões e artigos de pesquisa. Ao fim dos filtros, o número final de artigos utilizados no relatório foi de 128 trabalhos. Após análise, pôde-se perceber o crescimento recente do interesse do uso de microalgas para remediação de águas residuárias e outros resíduos, bem como para a produção de moléculas de interesse, principalmente carotenoides, e também do uso dessa biomassa para produção de combustíveis, em especial o biodiesel.
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