A relação entre a lombalgia e os isquiotibias na literatura atual

Autores

  • Felipe Pedro da Cruz Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso - Campus de Sinop
  • Camilla Pereira Bastos Zanzarini Pio Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso - Campus de Sinop
  • Gabriel Felipe Carmona Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso - Campus de Sinop
  • Rebeca Carriel de Souza Neto Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso - Campus de Sinop
  • Leonardo Martin Berber Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná - Campus Curitiba
  • Ricardo Wilson de Pinho Rodrigues Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso - Campus de Sinop

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36560/17120241853

Palavras-chave:

Músculos isquiotibiais, Dor lombar

Resumo

A lombalgia pode ser definida como dor, sensação de tensão ou rigidez localizada embaixo das costelas marginais e acima da prega glútea inferior ou referida na altura da cintura pélvica. Sua etiologia pode ser variada, como anormalidades vasculares, irregularidades na neuromodulação dolorosa e fatores psicossociais, com possibilidade dos músculos isquiotibiais, responsáveis pelo movimento de flexão do joelho e extensão do quadril, serem contribuintes para sua patogênese. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste artigo foi revisar a literatura atual sobre a associação entre lombalgia e os músculos isquiotibiais. A revisão teve como base estudos publicados nas plataformas PubMed e Portal Regional da BVS nos últimos cinco anos – período entre 2018 e 2023. A maioria dos estudos encontrados apontam uma correlação positiva para a associação, enfatizando a influência de seu encurtamento e assimetria isquiotibial, como contribuintes para a patogênese, intensidade álgica e limitações funcionais. Com demonstração da relação nos mais diversos grupos, desde crianças a atletas. Modalidades terapêuticas como alongamentos e fortalecimentos musculares foram impactantes para a analgesia. A técnica recente de agulhamento seco é terapeuticamente promissora, embora mais análises sejam necessárias para maior grau de evidência. Assim, faz-se imprescindível a avaliação das técnicas intervencionistas a fim de comparar seus impactos na lombalgia e cotidiano dos pacientes, como analgesia, qualidade de vida e funcionalidade

Referências

AHN, J.-O. et al. Effectiveness of hamstring stretching using a pressure biofeedback unit for 4 weeks: A randomized controlled trial. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal, v. 40, n. 02, p. 99–107, 5 mar. 2020.

ALLAM, N. M. et al. Correlation between hamstring muscle tightness and incidence of low back pain in female students at Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, v. 26, n. 21, p. 7779–7787, 1 nov. 2022.

AMIRI, B.; ZEMKOVÁ, E. Diaphragmatic breathing exercises in recovery from fatigue-induced changes in spinal mobility and postural stability: a study protocol. Frontiers in Physiology, v. 14, p. 1220464, 2023.

ASADA, F. et al. Effect of quick simple exercise on non-specific low back pain in Japanese workers: a randomized controlled trial. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, v. 28, n. 0, p. 36–36, 1 jan. 2023.

BAZZAZ-YAMACHI, M. et al. Dry Needling of Tight Hamstrings in the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 5 jul. 2021.

BAZZAZ-YAMCHI, M. et al. Acute and Short-Term Effects of Dry Needling in Patients with Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Hamstring Tightness: A Pilot Study. The Scientific World Journal, v. 2021, p. 7259956, 20 nov. 2021.

BERNSTORFF, M. et al. An Analysis of Sport-Specific Pain Symptoms through Inter-Individual Training Differences in CrossFit. Sports, v. 9, n. 5, p. 68, 19 maio 2021.

CEJUDO, A.; CENTENERA-CENTENERA, J. M.; SANTONJA-MEDINA, F. The Potential Role of Hamstring Extensibility on Sagittal Pelvic Tilt, Sagittal Spinal Curves and Recurrent Low Back Pain in Team Sports Players: A Gender Perspective Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, v. 18, n. 16, p. 8654, 16 ago. 2021.

CEJUDO, A. Lower-Limb Range of Motion Predicts Sagittal Spinal Misalignments in Children: A Case-Control Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, v. 19, n. 9, p. 5193, 25 abr. 2022.

GONZÁLEZ-GÁLVEZ, N. et al. Back Pain Related with Age, Anthropometric Variables, Sagittal Spinal Curvatures, Hamstring Extensibility, Physical Activity and Health Related Quality of Life in Male and Female High School Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, v. 17, n. 19, p. 7293, 6 out. 2020.

GULRANDHE, P.; YADAV, V.; NAQVI, W. M. Correlation Between Foot Posture and Hamstring Muscle Tightness. Cureus, v. 15, n. 7, p. e42046, 1 jul. 2023.

HERNANDEZ-LUCAS, P. et al. Prevention of Low Back Pain in Adults with a Back School-Based Intervention. Journal of Clinical Medicine, v. 10, n. 22, p. 5367, 18 nov. 2021.

HUANG, L. et al. The Effect of Exercise Intervention Based Upon the Selective Functional Movement Assessment in an Athlete With Non-specific Low Back Pain: A Case Report and Pilot Study. Frontiers in Psychology, v. 11, 21 ago. 2020.

IMAMURA, S. T.; KAZIYAMA, H. H. S.; IMAMURA, M. Lombalgia. Revista de Medicina, v. 80, p. 375–390, 20 dez. 2001.

KIM, B.; YIM, J. Core Stability and Hip Exercises Improve Physical Function and Activity in Patients with Non-Specific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, v. 251, n. 3, p. 193–206, 2020.

MIZOGUCHI, Y. et al. Efficacy of semi-customized exercises in preventing low back pain in high school volleyball players: A randomized controlled trial. Medicine, v. 101, n. 36, p. e30358, 9 set. 2022.

MOON, K. et al. Association Between Hamstring Shortness and Asymmetry, Pain Intensity, Disability Index, and Compensatory Lumbar Movement in 60 Patients with Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain. Medical Science Monitor, v. 29, 3 mar. 2023.

MUKKAMALA, N.; PARMAR, L.; KUMAR, P. Musculoskeletal disorders in tyre manufacturing workers. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, v. 25, n. 3, p. 133, 2021.

NOORMOHAMMADPOUR, P. et al. COMPARISON OF LATERAL ABDOMINAL MUSCLE THICKNESS IN YOUNG MALE SOCCER PLAYERS WITH AND WITHOUT LOW BACK PAIN. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, v. 14, n. 2, p. 273–281, 1 abr. 2019.

OLIVEIRA, J. G. DE; SALGUEIRO, M. M. H. DE A. DE O.; ALFIERI, F. M. Lombalgia e Estilo de Vida. Journal of Health Sciences, v. 16, n. 4, 2014.

SHAMSI, M.; MIRZAEI, M.; KHABIRI, S. S. Universal goniometer and electro-goniometer intra-examiner reliability in measuring the knee range of motion during active knee extension test in patients with chronic low back pain with short hamstring muscle. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, v. 11, n. 1, 22 mar. 2019.

SHAMSI, M. et al. Modeling the effect of static stretching and strengthening exercise in lengthened position on balance in low back pain subject with shortened hamstring: a randomized controlled clinical trial. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, v. 21, n. 1, dez. 2020.

SHAW, J. E. et al. Understanding the Biering-Sørensen test: contributors to extensor endurance in young adults with and without low back pain. medRxiv (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory), 12 jan. 2023.

TANTOT, M. et al. Effects of an Intensive 6-Week Rehabilitation Program with the HUBER Platform in the Treatment of Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain: A Pilot Study. Clinics and Practice, v. 12, n. 4, p. 609–618, 9 ago. 2022.

WATANABE, Y. et al. Associations between core stability and low back pain in high school baseball players: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association, v. 27, n. 5, p. 965–970, 1 set. 2022.

Publicado

2023-12-24

Como Citar

da Cruz, F. P. ., Pio, C. P. B. Z., Carmona, G. F. ., Souza Neto, R. C. de ., Berber, L. M. ., & Rodrigues, R. W. de P. (2023). A relação entre a lombalgia e os isquiotibias na literatura atual. Scientific Electronic Archives, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.36560/17120241853

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)