## Resumo

Geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with the properties of space, including distance, shape, size, and the relative position of figures. It is one of the oldest branches of mathematics and has applications in various fields such as science, art, architecture, and even in areas seemingly unrelated to mathematics. Studies show that working memory and spatial perception contribute to students' geometry performance. This paper presents multiple studies demonstrating the brain regions activated when solving geometric problems. Interestingly, the brain areas activated when solving algebraic problems are different from those activated when solving geometric problems. Finally, multiple studies are presented that indicate students with learning difficulties lag in geometry, as solving geometric problems requires good reading and arithmetic skills.

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